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Ancient tradition connected Herculaneum with the name of the Greek hero Heracles, an indication that the city was of Greek origin. The city became a Roman municipium in 89 BC, when, having participated in the Social War (“war of the allies” against Rome). Herculaneum was severely shaken by an earthquake in AD 62, and the serious damage suffered by its public and private buildings had not yet been repaired when it was buried by the Vesuvius eruption of August 24–25, AD 79. Because few human remains were found during early excavations. The particular circumstances of the burial of Herculaneum, unlike those of Pompeii, led to the formation over the city of a compact mass of tufaceous material about 50 to 60 feet (15 to 18 metres) deep. Although this layer made excavation very difficult, it preserved Herculaneum and prevented tampering and looting. The special conditions of ground humidity made possible the conservation of wooden frameworks of houses, wooden furniture, the hull of a sizable boat, pieces of cloth, and food (carbonized loaves of bread left within ovens). Herculaneum offers a detailed impression of private life that is only with difficulty achieved in other centres of the ancient world. Excavation began in the 18th century, when all memory of the existence of Herculaneum had been lost for centuries.
Departure in the morning with comfortable air-conditioned minibus to Herculaneum and guided tour of the archaeological site. After the visit of Herculaneum your day will continue to the Vineyard “Cantine Sorrentino” that thanks to the fertility of the soil produce excellent wines and where you will have the possibilities to taste the local wine and have an easy lunch. In the afternoon, the journey will continue to Pompeii and guided tour of the archaeological site. Returning to your hotel with a stop for limoncello tasting.
Finishing time approx. 05:30 pm